Rorate Caeli

On the 70th Anniversary
of the death of Pius XI



...no reason, however grave, may be put forward by which anything intrinsically against nature may become conformable to nature and morally good. Since, therefore, the conjugal act is destined primarily by nature for the begetting of children, those who in exercising it deliberately frustrate its natural power and purpose sin against nature and commit a deed which is shameful and intrinsically vicious.
Casti Connubii

...the union of Christians can only be promoted by promoting the return to the one true Church of Christ of those who are separated from it, for in the past they have unhappily left it. To the one true Church of Christ, we say, which is visible to all, and which is to remain, according to the will of its Author, exactly the same as He instituted it. ... in this one Church of Christ no man can be or remain who does not accept, recognize and obey the authority and supremacy of Peter and his legitimate successors.
Mortalium Animos

If Socialism, like all errors, contains some truth (which, moreover, the Supreme Pontiffs have never denied), it is based nevertheless on a theory of human society peculiar to itself and irreconcilable with true Christianity. Religious socialism, Christian socialism, are contradictory terms; no one can be at the same time a good Catholic and a true Socialist.

Quadragesimo Anno

...if we are to avoid the errors which are the source and fountain-head of all the miseries of our time, the teaching of Aquinas must be adhered to more religiously than ever. ...against the much vaunted liberty of the human reason and its independence in regard to God he asserts the rights of primary Truth and the authority over us of the Supreme Master. It is therefore clear why Modernists are so amply justified in fearing no Doctor of the Church so much as Thomas Aquinas. Accordingly, just as it was said to the Egyptians of old in time of famine: "Go to Joseph," so that they should receive a supply of corn from him to nourish their bodies, so We now say to all such as are desirous of the truth: "Go to Thomas," and ask him to give you from his ample store the food of substantial doctrine wherewith to nourish your souls unto eternal life.
Studiorum Ducem

Whoever exalts race, or the people, or the State, or a particular form of State, or the depositories of power, or any other fundamental value of the human community - however necessary and honorable be their function in worldly things - whoever raises these notions above their standard value and divinizes them to an idolatrous level, distorts and perverts an order of the world planned and created by God; he is far from the true faith in God and from the concept of life which that faith upholds.
Mit brennender Sorge

...the Church, being a society of men, cannot exist or develop if it does not enjoy liberty of action, and that its members have the right to find in civil society the possibility of living according to the dictates of their consciences. ... Thus a Catholic will take care not to pass over his right to vote when the good of the Church or of the country requires it.

Nos es muy conocida

It would be a grave error, on the other hand, to say that Christ has no authority whatever in civil affairs, since, by virtue of the absolute empire over all creatures committed to him by the Father, all things are in his power. ... If to Christ our Lord is given all power in heaven and on earth; if all men, purchased by his precious blood, are by a new right subjected to his dominion; if this power embraces all men, it must be clear that not one of our faculties is exempt from his empire. He must reign in our minds, which should assent with perfect submission and firm belief to revealed truths and to the doctrines of Christ. He must reign in our wills, which should obey the laws and precepts of God. He must reign in our hearts, which should spurn natural desires and love God above all things, and cleave to him alone. He must reign in our bodies and in our members, which should serve as instruments for the interior sanctification of our souls ... .
Quas Primas

Communism is intrinsically wrong, and no one who would save Christian civilization may collaborate with it in any undertaking whatsoever. Those who permit themselves to be deceived into lending their aid towards the triumph of Communism in their own country, will be the first to fall victims of their error. And the greater the antiquity and grandeur of the Christian civilization in the regions where Communism successfully penetrates, so much more devastating will be the hatred displayed by the godless.

Divini Redemptoris


There exists an institution able to safeguard the sanctity of the law of nations. This institution is a part of every nation; at the same time it is above all nations. She enjoys, too, the highest authority, the fullness of the teaching power of the Apostles. Such an institution is the Church of Christ.

Ubi Arcano Dei Consilio

The Eucharistic Sacrifice in which the Immaculate Victim who taketh away the sins of the world is immolated, requires in a special way that the priest, by a holy and spotless life, should make himself as far as he can, less unworthy of God, to whom he daily offers that adorable Victim, the very Word of God incarnate for love of us. Agnoscite quod agitis, imitamini quod tractatis, "realize what you are doing, and imitate what you handle," says the Church through the Bishop to the deacons as they are about to be consecrated priests.
Ad Catholici Sacerdotii

What a spectacle for heaven and earth is not the Church in prayer! For centuries without interruption, from midnight to midnight, is repeated on earth the divine psalmody of the inspired canticles; there is no hour of the day that is not hallowed by its special liturgy; there is no stage of life that has not its part in the thanksgiving, praise, supplication and reparation in common use by the mystical body of Christ, which is the Church. ...

Nothing remains for Us, therefore, but to invite this poor world that has shed so much blood, has dug so many graves, has destroyed so many works, has deprived so many men of bread and labor, nothing else remains for us, We say, but to invite it in the loving words of the sacred Liturgy: Convertimini ad Dominum Deum vestrum. ["Be thou converted to the Lord thy God."]
Caritate Christi

33 comments:

Anonymous said...

People make such a big deal out of issues related to Pius XII, but I have to say that the ''real deal'' is found in the teaching of Pius XI, of which Pacelli was the happy successor.

A true servant of God !

Pascendi said...

An extraordinary Pope - a true spiritual "genius".

Dan Hunter said...

God bless our awesome Holy Father of fond memory Pius XI!

Brian said...

On the one hand, Pope Pius XI wrote,

". . . the union of Christians can only be promoted by promoting the return to the one true Church of Christ of those who are separated from it, for in the past they have unhappily left it."

On the other hand, a number of traditional websites quote Cardinal Kasper, Prefect of Vatican Council for Promoting Christian Unity, as saying:

". . . today we no longer understand ecumenism in the sense of a return, by which the others would ‘be converted’ and return to being Catholics. This was expressly abandoned by Vatican II." (Adista, Feb. 26, 2001)

If that is an accurate quotation, it is difficult to reconcile these two positions.

Anonymous said...

These excerpts are a real treasure trove!

Thanks for posting them.

Anonymous said...

Does anyone know if "Mortalium Animos" is an infallible document?

Anonymous said...

"Go to Thomas"

1. Let us pay heed.
2. How can one square Pius X1 teaching with V2?
3. How can one obey Peter and square V2 with Pius X1?
4. Does anyone know of some solid on-line Thomistic courses/program leading to a degree?

Anon Anon

David said...

Many, many thanks to Rorate for gathering and laying before us these jewels of Catholic doctrine.

ponte said...

An absolutely magnificent Pope!

Paul said...

Does anyone know if "Mortalium Animos" is an infallible document?

Mortalium Animos is infallible in as much as it reiterates the Church's perennial teaching on the matter. This being so, there is nothing new in it; no novelty being taught here. The footnotes to this papal encyclical are note worthy.

Prima said...

Thank you for remembering the great Pius XI.

Jordanes said...

". . . today we no longer understand ecumenism in the sense of a return, by which the others would ‘be converted’ and return to being Catholics. This was expressly abandoned by Vatican II." (Adista, Feb. 26, 2001)

If that is an accurate quotation, it is difficult to reconcile these two positions.


I’m pretty sure that quotation is accurate, and it’s not merely “difficult” to reconcile those two positions, it’s impossible. Cardinal Kasper is simply wrong. He personally may no longer understand ecumenism in the sense of a return, but that is the only sense in which ecumenism and religious dialogue is even worth pursuing. Nor was the sense of a return expressly abandoned by Vatican II. The Catholic faith is unintelligible without ecumenism in the sense of a return to being Catholics. (I’ve seen a quote where Pope Benedict also rejects an ecumenism of return, but he seems to be defining “return” differently than Cardinal Kasper does, not simply as conversion to Catholicism but a wholesale rejection of one’s spiritual heritage whether good or bad.)

Does anyone know if "Mortalium Animos" is an infallible document?

It is a papal encyclical, and thus not an exercise of the infallible extraordinary magisterium of the Pope. It is an authentic and authoritative magisterial teaching and not to be ignored, and much of it explains and insists upon perennial and unvarying doctrines of the faith. I would say that ecumenical dialogue will prove pointless (and let’s face it, hasn’t most post-Vatican II dialogue proven pointless and in vain?) to the same degree that Catholics forget the teachings and admonitions of Mortalium Animos.

Anonymous said...

Paul:

Thank you.

Anonymous said...

I have always loved reading the encyclicals of Pius XI, very informative and rich in doctrine.

Anonymous said...

Mortalium Animos is mostly concerned with the pan-Christian movements--that is, a "unity" based on the lowest common denominator. He lays out Catholic principles in this regard and gives practical direction on how to avoid the pan-Christian error.

Where the Vatican II and subsequent Popes differ is not in the principles or the ends, but in the practical approach to achieving them. Really, beginning under Pius XII certain practical strictures were loosened cautiously--but they were greatly loosened with the Council and subsequent Popes.

Brian said...

"Cardinal Kasper is simply wrong. He personally may no longer understand ecumenism in the sense of a return, but . . . The Catholic faith is unintelligible without ecumenism in the sense of a return to being Catholics."

Given his position as Prefect of the Vatican for Promoting Christian Unity, Cardinal Kasper's position is taken as official Church teaching at the level of the diocese. It lingers like the gaseous wind (spirit) of Vatican II. Has Rome ever corrected this "wrong" personal opinion?

Jordanes said...

No, I don't believe Rome has ever reprimanded Cardinal Kasper. Rome these days seems so reluctant to issue such correctives, no matter how necessary they are.

Mary said...

Thanks for this post. I didn't know much about Pius XI but know I know a little.

Anonymous said...

Why is there no movement towards making Pius XI "Venerable Pius XI"?

Is there an active cause for his canonization?

Pius XI, Pius XII, and I am sure when he is gone (not for many years yet, Please God!!), Benedict XVI, will deserve these titles.

Anonymous said...

Jordanes said:
(I’ve seen a quote where Pope Benedict also rejects an ecumenism of return, but he seems to be defining “return” differently than Cardinal Kasper does, not simply as conversion to Catholicism but a wholesale rejection of one’s spiritual heritage whether good or bad.)

I would be very interested to know where that quote of Pope Benedict XVI may be found- if you do, please post.

Thank you,
Cecilia

Anonymous said...

Jordanes: "Rome these days seems so reluctant to issue such correctives, no matter how necessary they are."

I am certain the irony of that comment is completely lost on the speaker, a veritable footstool himself.

crusader88 said...

Those are powerful words. May Pius XI watch over us.

Anonymous said...

We need another Pope like him. One who knows that The Church has the truth and is not afraid to proclaim it.

St. Rafael said...

Cardinal Kasper is an apostate who doesn't believe in anything. He does not hold the Catholic faith.

Kasper is probably the one of the biggest heretics to have ever gotten a red hat.

No one should take him seriously.

Anonymous said...

Paul,

You write: "Mortalium Animos is infallible in as much as it reiterates the Church's perennial teaching on the matter."

That is not quite correct.

Mortalium Animos is infallible inasmuch as it instructs all catholics for all times regarding the immortality of altering the Church's mission to convert sinnners, heretics, pagans to the Catholic Faith and Church.

That is not only the immmemorial teaching and true. But the level of authority exercised in it is infallible, because it meets the criteria established by Vatican I for this, even though it does not include a dogmatic definition.

The mere reiteration of doctrine without a note of obligation, is not strictly, that is, formally the exercise of the infallible teaching office, but is materially so.

In Mortalium Animos Pius XI shows quite clearly that he intends to pronounce on a matter and put and end to all discussion, to condemn various errors and practices (which regard faith and morals).

Therefore it is formally, and not merely materially infallbie as you seem to imply.

Those who reject this part of its teaching in any way, are certainly capable of being disciplined canonically, and do commit mortal sin, being rebels against the Magisterium of the Pope and of Christ, whether they be laymen, priests, Cardinals or subsequent popes.

Br. Alexis Bugnolo

Anonymous said...

Pius XI: the last great, 100% orthodox Pope.

Anonymous said...

"On the other hand, a number of traditional websites quote Cardinal Kasper, Prefect of Vatican Council for Promoting Christian Unity, as saying:

". . . today we no longer understand ecumenism in the sense of a return, by which the others would ‘be converted’ and return to being Catholics. This was expressly abandoned by Vatican II." (Adista, Feb. 26, 2001)


I PASTED THIS QUOTE FROM A CONTRIBUTOR.
IF THE TRADITIONAL UNDERSTANDING OF RETURNING TO THE TRUE FAITH, AS SO BEAUTIFULLY EXPRESSED BY PIUS XI, AND SO BRUTALLY REJECTED BY CARDINAL KASPER HAS INDEED BEEN CANCELED OUT BY VATICAN II, THEN I REJECT THE NEW VATICAN II UNDERSTANDING OF THIS ISSUE. I HOLD TO THE TRADITION EXPRESSED BY PIUS XI, AND ALL POPES BEFORE HIM (AND 1 AFTER HIM, HIS IMMEDIATE SUCCESSOR, PIUS XII).

Anonymous said...

Cardinal Kasper is nearly 76, PAST retirement age. He should be excorted out the door of the Vatican and replaced by a traditionalist Catholic.

Cardinal Kasper is a heretic. He was given his red hat by John Paul II. John Paul II gave red hats to very many heretics....de Lubac, Congar (both investigated for heresy during the times of Pius XI and Pius XII....and even John XXIII).
It shows the kind of mindset that JP II really had. SHOCKING !!

Add to those infamous people the heretical likes of Danneels, Murphy-O'Connor, Mahoney, McCarrick, Keeler, Eyt, Vingt-Trois, Tauran, Re, Sodano, etc.etc.etc.

And we wonder why the Church is such a wreck.
It will take 50 years to recover from the period 1978-2005 in the Church, and probably 100 years to recover from Vatican II.

The great Cardinal Giuseppe Siri said once that it would take 200 years to recover the Church from Vatican II. Let's hope not that long!!!

Athelstane said...

My favorite pontiff of the 20th century - in part because he is, in fact, seemingly so forgotten.

Thanks to New Catholic for bringing him back to the fore of our minds.

Hestor said...

Rome these days seems so reluctant to issue such correctives, no matter how necessary they are.

Except if you are of the traditional ilk of course, then you have the whole college of Cardinals coming down on you.

Jusztinián G. Rathkaj said...

"Add to those infamous people the heretical likes of Danneels, Murphy-O'Connor, Mahoney, McCarrick, Keeler, Eyt, Vingt-Trois, Tauran, Re, Sodano, etc.etc.etc."

It also seems that nowadays the sacred college is filled up with narrow minded bureaucrats, some petit bourgeois would-be eccentrics but very few strong characters like in the times before. I do not recall any period of modern church history were the holy senate had been so weak and paltry as in these times (1960-
It were not just his grandiloquent capabilites that let Joseph Aloisius Cardinal Ratzinger ascend to the Supreme Pontificate. There was simply no one else eligible for the office.

Anonymous said...

Anonymous 11:00 said: "Pius XI: the last great, 100% orthodox Pope"

Interesting--this is the first time I have seen the cut off with him. I have seen Pius XI accused of betraying the Church's mission in France.

How was Pius XII unorthodox?

Jusztinián G. Rathkaj said...

"How was Pius XII unorthodox?"

Those who see in Vatican II the root of most evil must admit that decisive foundations of the said council are to be found in his tenure. Personally I do not think that Pius XII, John XIII, Paul VI and John Paul II were unorthodox. But of course the direction in which the church run in their pontificates (1939-2005) can be critizised. Pius XII is not the very antithesis of Vatican II.