Rorate Caeli

Tradidi quod et accepi

"Fratres, notum vobis facio Evangelium, quod prædicavi vobis, quod et accepistis ... Tradidi enim vobis, in primis quod et accepi: quoniam Christus mortuus est pro peccatis nostris secundum Scripturas: et quia sepultus est, et quia resurrexit tertia die secundum Scripturas: et quia visus est Cephæ, et post hoc undecim..."

"Now I make known unto you, brethren, the Gospel which I preached to you, which also you have received ... For I delivered unto you first of all, which I also received: how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures and that He was seen by Cephas; and after that by the eleven..." (I Cor. xv, 1, 3-5, from the Epistle for the Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost) to the common faith of all people; therefore, he says: which you received, all of you. But Augustine says that this pertains to the evidence of this faith, using this argument: For believing things of faith, miracles are either performed or not.

If miracles are performed, I have my point: that they are most worthy and most certain. If none is performed, this is the greatest of all miracles: that by a certain few an infinite multitude of men were converted to the faith, rich men by poor men preaching poverty; by men of one language preaching things that surpass reason, wise men and philosophers have been converted: "Their voice goes out through all the earth"

If it is objected that even the law of Mohammed has been received by many, the answer is that the cases are not alike, because he subjugated them by oppressing them and by force of arms, while the apostles, by dying and by working signs and prodigies, brought others to the Faith.

For he [Mohammed] proposed things which pertain to pleasure and lasciviousness, while Christ and the apostles [proposed] contempt for earthly things...

Saint Thomas Aquinas
On the First Epistle of Saint Paul to the Corinthians

This [understanding of Tradition] is clearly highlighted and visible in certain passages of the Pauline Letters: "I delivered to you... what I also received" (I Cor 15: 3). And this is important. St Paul, it is well-known, originally called by Christ with a personal vocation, was a real Apostle, yet for him too, fidelity to what he received was fundamentally important. He did not want "to invent" a new, so-to-speak, "Pauline" Christianity. Therefore, he insisted, "I have passed on to you what I too received". He passed on the initial gift that comes from the Lord and the truth that saves.

Then, towards the end of his life, he wrote to Timothy: "Guard this rich trust [deposit] with the help of the Holy Spirit that dwells within us (II Tm 1: 14).
Benedict XVI
General Audience
May 3, 2006
Reposted for the Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost, 2008 (clearly Rorate's favorite Epistle).
Recess for a few days; urgent news may be posted at any time.


  1. "He subjugated them by oppressing them and by force of arms."

    Thank you for quoting the reality about Muhammad and the founding of Islam!

    Keep up the good work...God bless

  2. Anonymous1:07 AM

    It is ironic that while Mohammed is said to have preached "pleasure and lasciviousness," most jihadists and practising Muslims in general have more children than westerners and they have less money as well. The irony is sad only because it is not that Islam has changed, but that "Christians" in the West, with their birth control and daycares and 2 salary families have bypassed Mohammed in the preaching of "pleasure and lasciviousness." St. Thomas would cry if he saw us now.

  3. Anonymous2:36 AM

    If we would have received half as well from Paul what he handed on to us, we would not be in half the trouble we are in.
    God have mercy on us for the betrayal of our sacred tradition.

  4. anonymous

    Whomsoever you may be:

    Modern Catholics are infected with false postmodernist teachings which the post-conciliar church reinforces with its primacy of conscience and its complacent policies of religious liberty. These are admixed with obsessive ecumenism and interreligious over-indulgence. As a result the imperfectly formed and weakly instructed conscience is capable of believing almost anything is acceptable since it is relativised. Since all are equal and all are going to be saved then why have the perceived expensive inconvenience of children and why be concerned about the "sons and daughters of Abraham" (JP II Catholic Catechism) who share the beatific vision with us "in some way"?

    Of course, to the soundly formed Roman Catholic conscience which has become a rarer feature of society as a whole to imagine the above is as false as it is ludicrous. Even more so that the last papacy gave its blessing to the grand mosque being built in Rome. How contradictory is the post-conciliar church in its lack of pastoral and doctrinal coherence.

    We have been warned by many of their leaders - western christendom will be evangelised through the wombs of their womenfolk. When you have lived and worked in a mohamaten society you can understand what this really means and signifies. There will be no religious liberty or intereligious dialogue then.

  5. Anonymous9:58 AM

    Thank you for your reply to my comment on the irony of St. Thomas's remark, Leong. I agree with you wholeheartedly. Lord have mercy! As an added irony, as you suggest, the Muslims also do not subscribe to our false notions of religious identity. They seem to be a perfect scourge with which to punish Christians into returning to the Lord.

  6. Anonymous10:43 AM

    And it is so fitting that these words form the epitaph on the tomb of one of the most faithful Catholics of our day. Archbishop Lefebvre, Pray for us. For you truly knew the meaning of these words.

  7. St. Thomas Aquinas, we need more clergy of this caliber to preach the truth without spineless jib jab.


    It seems most Catholics do still adhere to the proper practice of Catholicism, but you would find them among our African and Asian Christian brothers (and a few anomolies in the Anglo & Latin worlds) who make up the majority of Catholicism.

    I, as I would hope many who read this blog, act as the salt of the earth, a creative minority doing it's best to mimic the Benedictines to save the West from its modern (post-Christian) tendencies.

    God bless,


  8. "Archbishop Lefebvre, Pray for us. For you truly knew the meaning of these words.'

    Certainly so, anonymous, he was only following long held ecclesiastical tradition for which he has been pilloried and slandered ceaselessly. The post-conciliar church is led by dangerous utopians who are blinded by modernist values. Thus, in their indecent haste they have sought to outlaw what has always been most highly cherished in The Faith throughout the ages. They are hopelessly addicted to novelty and altering everything because they are like secular pluralist postmodern society - only change justifies the functionality & raison d'etre of each wheel to be "reformulated" in the system.

    The outcome is six and a half billion people with six and a half billion social realities and subconscious perceptions of reality which have to be accommodated in this phenomenological chaos of its own deconstruction. Such a process is demonstrated in the "unity in diversity" cross-culture of the modern church which has spawned numerous liturgical forms in a multi-variety of sect-like movements all with their own gnosis pandered to by indulgent but dissipated post-conciliar hierarchical structures.

    The simple truth is modernism dislikes simple truths. Reading most post-conciliar encyclicals and other documents is akin to wading through black treacle in an endeavour to reach the impossible goal of unequivocal understanding. However, the syntax and the significations are craftily & ambiguously knit together to conceal clandestine agendas - more change, more novelty, more liberty, more confusion, even more ecumenism and even more interreligious "dialogue". And all this without any concrete gain other than more decline, more closures and indeed even more change.

    Yet in the meantime mohametan womenfolk continue faithfully their slow patient vocation of reproducing the numbers that will overpower the system that permits them to eventually overwhelm it. They are indirectly and unwittingly aided and abetted by a church which has lost, temporarily we hope, the divinely mandated vision bequeathed to it: One Way, One Truth, One Light, One Faith, One Lord and One Baptism.

    Interestingly, the Tridentine Catechism tells us what we need to know on these points. In addition it also warns us that paganism is a false pathway forbidden to Roman Catholics and is represented also by the very same mohamatans. This has been contradicted by the modernist version. Now which Catechism of The Catholic Church is the correct one?


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