Rorate Caeli



Theological Analysis


Let what we have written in Parts I and II of the book stand as a theological analysis of the individual conciliar texts. We shall content ourselves here with:


1.      A Brief Summary of the Council’s Heterodoxy;

2.      A Presentation of the Formal Principle of its Heterodoxy.



1.     A Brief Summary of the Council’s Heterodoxy


Here we present the Catholic doctrines that we have seen the Council explicitly or implicitly deny, or cast into doubt, without however claiming that this list is exhaustive, either in relation to the Council as a whole or in relation to the texts that we have examined in this book. The doctrines concern:


a)      Faith and Salvation;

b)     The Church;

c)      The Sacraments.


a)    Faith and Salvation


1.     There is such a thing as the Faith [1];

2.     Faith is supernatural [2];

3.     There is such a thing as dogma [3];

4.     Faith is acquired by assent to the authority of God revealing [4];

5.     Faith constitutes an indivisible unity of all its articles [5];

6.     To deny one article of Faith is to lose the Faith altogether (ibid.);

7.     Faith is immutable [6];

8.     It is possible to know God adequately in this world [7];

9.     It is possible to know Him by reason [8];

10. It is possible to know Him by Faith [9];

11. The two parallel sources of Faith are the Scriptures and the Oral Tradition [10];

12. The ultimate goal of the Church is the salvation / sanctification of man (5 attacks) [11];

13. Sanctity is supernatural [12];

14. Original Sin precludes salvation [13];

15.  Faith is necessary for salvation (2 attacks) [14];

16.  Subjection to the Pope is necessary for salvation (ibid.);

17.  Valid Baptism is necessary for salvation (ibid.);

18.   Death in the state of Grace is necessary for salvation (ibid.);

19.  The world was created for the glory of God [15].



b)      The Church


20.                The Church is a Hierarchy [16];

21.                The Pope holds the primacy over the whole Church [17];

22.                The Bishop possesses a monarchical status [18];

23.                The Priest’s status in the hierarchy is superior to that of the laity [19];

24.                The Church is One  (4 attacks) [20];

25.                The Church is Holy [21];

26.                The Church is Catholic (2 attacks) [22];

27.                The Church is Apostolic [23];

28.                The Church possesses the Truth [24];

29.              The Church has the duty to teach, rule, and sanctify

            [25], also in regard to the whole world [26];

30.                No other Christian community as such is salvific [27];

31.                Outside the Church there is no salvation (2 attacks) [28];

32.               The Jews cannot be saved without converting to the Catholic Faith [29].



c)     The Sacraments and the Consecrated Life


33.                The Holy Mass is a sacrifice [30];

34.                Marriage is a bond [31];

35.              The primary finality of marriage is the procreation and education of children          [32];

36.                The husband is the head of the wife and of the family [33];

37.                Contraception is an intrinsic evil [34];

38.                Vocation signifies the call to the consecrated life alone [35];

39.                The priest’s primary duties are to offer Mass and to confess [36];

40.                The purpose of the religious life is the perfect love of God [37].




2.     The Formal Principle of the Council’s Heterodoxy


And as soon as it was day, the ancients of the people and the chief priests came together. And they brought him into their council…’ (Lk. 22. 66)



In our metaphysical analysis in section A we have identified the principle of antirealist subjectivism as the Council’s root metaphysical error. We shall now see how this metaphysical error manifests itself in theology. We shall see this in regard to:


a)      Natural Theology;

b)     Supernatural Theology.



a)    Natural Theology


Natural theology is the science of God on the basis of reason alone. The principle of antirealist subjectivism becomes in natural theology the principle of ‘self-deifying atheism’ [38], for, as we noted above, the ultimate theological reality is God, to be anti-God is atheism, and to prefer oneself to God is to deify oneself. We have set forth the Council’s teaching on the deification of man in ten points in chapter 8.



b)    Supernatural Theology


Supernatural theology, by contrast, is the science of God on the basis of reason illuminated by the Faith. The principle of natural theology which is self-deifying atheism becomes in supernatural theology an attack on the God of Revelation, and more precisely Our Lord Jesus Christ, and a substitution of Him by man. We shall here consider:


I   The Council’s attack on the God of Revelation;

II  The Council’s substitution of the God of Revelation with man.


[1] Introduction B. I. 9 (a)

[2] Introduction B. I (a) 1

[3] Introduction B. I (b) 2

[4] ch.1, C.1 (c)

[5] Introduction B. I (c)

[6] Introduction B. I (d)

[7] Introduction B I (a). The denial of this is atheism   

[8] the denial of (8) is entailed by the denial of (7)

[9] the denial of (9) is equally entailed by the denial of (7)

[10] ch.2, C.2

[11] ch.1, B.3; conclusion to ch.3; ch.4, A. 3(b); ch.5, A. (a); ch.5. A. (b)

[12] ch.3, B.2

[13] ch.8, C (d)

[14] ch.1, C. 1; ch.6, A

[15] ch.8, C (b)

[16] ch.1, B

[17] ch.1, B.1

[18] ch.1, B.2

[19] ch.1, B.3

[20] ch.1, C.1 (a), (b),(c),(d). We speak here of ‘attacks’ after having had the opportunity of assessing the Council texts above and their motivation (see our comments in the Introduction, section C).

[21] ch.1, C.2

[22] ch.1, C.3

[23] ch.1, C.4

[24] Introduction B I (c)

[25] ch.1, C.3 (b)

[26] ch.4, A.5

[27] ch.2, C (d)

[28] ch.2, A, conclusion; ch.8, C (d)

[29] ch.3, A.4, an example of doctrine (31)

[30] ch.7, conclusion

[31] ch.6, A.1

[32] ch.6, A.2

[33] ch.6 A.5

[34] ch.6 A.4

[35] ch.6 A.6

[36] ch.6 B.1 (b)

[37] ch.6 C. (c) i-iv

[38] a term used by the priest and philosopher Father Cornelio Fabbro  

Next: Theological Analysis - part 2: ‘The Council’s attack on the God of Revelation’