Rorate Caeli

Popes and the Southern Hemisphere - curiosities

Pope Bergoglio is, of course, the first Supreme Pontiff ever born in the southern half of the world ,  where only about one tenth of the human population lives.

This is quite a fast turn of events, historically. The first man who would be pope and ever went south of the equator was Blessed Pius IX, Pope Mastai Ferretti, who was sent as an official to the Apostolic Nunciature in Chile, where he stayed from 1823 to 1825. Future Pius XII, Cardinal Pacelli, would do so as well, when he visited Brazil and Argentina, to which he travelled as the Papal Legate to the 32nd International Eucharistic Congress, held in Buenos Aires (October 1934, two years before Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born in that city).

The first Pope to visit South America was Paul VI, in his visit to Bogotá - located in the Northern Hemisphere - in 1968, but a reigning Pope actually only crossed the equatorial line into the Southern Hemisphere when the same pontiff visited Western Samoa in 1970, coming from the Philippines, in his visit to Asia and Oceania. After leaving Samoa, he would also visit Australia.

The first Cardinal of the Southern Hemisphere was the Irish-born Archbishop of Sydney, Australia, Patrick Francis Moran, created a Cardinal by Leo XIII in 1885. The first Cardinal born in the Southern Hemisphere and in all of Latin America was Cardinal Joaquim Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created a Cardinal by Saint Pius X in 1905. And the first Argentinian Cardinal was Santiago Luis Copello, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, created a Cardinal by Pius XI on Dec. 16, 1935, just one year before the birth of the new Pope, on Dec. 17, 1936.


Aphrahat said...

As an Australian it is funny to think that we, being an historically younger and majority Protestant country, had a cardinal before the South Americans did, who were colonised a lot earlier and were alot more Catholic than we were.

WG Grace said...

Must be because you had Bradman.

Prof. Basto said...

Today the Holy Father received in audience the College of Cardinals.

I very much liked the Papal Speech, particularly because it states that Christ is the only Saviour of all men, and because for the second time in two days the Pope has mentioned the Enemy, reminding us that he exists and of the consequent danger.

The full text of the Pope's remarks can be read at:

P.J.David said...

Although there may be some of us who have read Fr.Malachi Martin's book "Jesuits and the Betrayal of Catholic Church" and Jesuits as a cogregation earned a very bad name across the world,especially universities and there colleges no more real catholic institutions it is but natural we have a fear how would our Beloved Pope would handle them.
Can we Hope there would be a sea of a change in the society and they would fight for restoration of Tradition and all that changed for worst after V II.I beleive that God has chosen Our Jesuit Pope for this great job of rebuilding the Church.Gate of Hell cannot prevail over it.
Let us pray that he would soon clean all the mess of Curia and restore the Traditional Holy sacrifice of the Mass.That would bring Grace upon our Cardinals and Bishops to obedient to the Vicar of Christ.

Uncle Claibourne said...

Here's the English translation of the Holy Father's address to the Cardinals:

I mentioned yesterday that he is reminding me more and more of John Paul I. His speech is simple and full of faith. And as Prof. Basto noted, he's not afraid to mention the devil.

He also has burdens as heavy, or heaver, and serious problems to address, as was the case with Papa Luciani. May the Lord give him the strength, and the safety and protection he needs, to clean out the Curial Augean stables.

I've been worried about some symbolic items of great significance; and the approach he will take to reorganize the Curia. In some ways I still am. But unless I've missed something, Francis has made absolutely *no* public references to the glories of Vatican II, and its "springtime," either on the Loggia of St. Peter's, in his sermon at the Mass with the Cardinals, or in his address to them today. Perhaps this in itself is a significant sign or symbol.

On Liturgy, I'm still praying and waiting. I still would like to know why he bowed at the consecration instead of genuflecting. I thought maybe that was due to knee or other health issues not unusual in 76-year old men, but he did kneel in prayer at St. Mary Major, so I'm still a bit confused by this.

Nevertheless, as many others have pointed out (including a certain well-known blogging priest), restoring the sacred Liturgy is critical to saving the Church. I'm praying that we'll see progress on that front as well, although the possibility exists that we may be disappointed.

Jesus, Our Love, bless us, and bless our new Pope.

Brian said...

I have a few concerns. Today Pope Francis Jesus Christ is truly present in every person. Don't we have to be in a state of grace for that to be true? Please someone clarify this for me.

I like how he isn't afraid to mention the devil, etc.

On the other hand, he said the Church needs the Anglicans to stay as Anglicans, the pictures of him participating in Jewish and Protestant ceremonies disturb me, but then again Benedict XVI engaged in false ecumenism as well.

I do not know what to think of him.

Argentinian said...

Regarding CVII, I, being from Argentina, don't remember him refering to any CVII ever, neither in homilies nor in other public speeches. I didn't follow them too with much attention though. To research the previous +Bergoglio homilies and documents, you can go to:

Argentinian said...

In the previous comment, I mean I didn't remember hearig any mention of any CVII document from him.

Supertradmum said...

Uncle Claibourne said...

Argentinian, Suptertradmum, thanks for your feedback. He's our Pope, for better or worse. After significant grousing on my part, I'm trying to look for goodness, somewhere.

We all know why we feel the way we do. Benedict was a blessing from God. He was almost the only prelate who recognized the reality of the situation. We had a brief moment of light, and now, we're all struggling. May the good Lord save us.