Rorate Caeli

New episodes in the Peruvian telenovela "La universidad del diablo"
In historic move, Vatican slams Episcopal Conference


The historic action of the Vatican to bring some order to the ex-Pontifical ex-Catholic University of Peru (the former PUCP - see first post) is a gift that keeps on giving. La Stampa's Andrés Beltramo Álvarez reports that, when the Vatican decree removing the titles from the name of the University was handed by the local Nuncio (Pennsylvanian Archbishop James Green) to several authorities on Friday, the document was accompanied by a specific letter to the University rector and, which is more impressive, by a specific letter to the President of the Peruvian Episcopal Conference, to be forwarded to each bishop in the country.

Because in fact the Archbishop of Lima, Cardinal Cipriani Thorne, had spent the last few years almost isolated by his own peers and undermined by most members of the Episcopal Conference in his efforts to rein in and put under control the rebellious university. As Beltramo reports:

The Peruvian Episcopal Conference must not be manipulated by the "rebellious university". On the contrary, [the Conference] is called to lend "determined and clear" support to the determinations of the Holy See in the dispute for the legitimate property of the institution, until yesterday Pontifical and Catholic. This is the center of a letter sent by the Vatican to the President of the South American country's bishops, Salvador Piñeiro. A harsh wake-up call, in order to cease with the ambiguities and the foul play.

... Green ordered that all three documents, including the letter to Piñeiro, be sent to all the bishops in the country. He received the authorities of the PUCP later in the Nunciature, and delivered to them the decree and the letter.

The message from Rome to the Archbishop of Ayacucho-Huamanga [Abp. Piñeiro] left little room for doubts: "For the good of the University and for the responsibility of the Church in the educational field, this Episcopal Conference must support the position of the Holy See and of the Archbishop of Lima, disavowing vigorously any opposing intervention and inviting the country's episcopate to a loyal collegial action. In case of eventual doubts, you and the other bishops please be kind enough to consult with the Rev. Nuncio in Lima."

And it added: "The Holy Father expects that, in the future, the Episcopal Conference will render determined and clear support to the decisions taken by the Holy See regarding the situation of the PUCP, and that new misunderstandings and divisions be avoided."

The severity of the words left clear that, instead of keeping an institutional position, the direction of the bishops sided with the center of studies during the disputed. Even when the rebellion of its authorities was open and manifest.

This was made clear on April 17, when the Conference published a public note in the name of its five delegate bishops of the University Assembly of the PUCP. ... This episode was called "regrettable" by the Vatican letter to Piñeiro, which was blunt: "I ask you to take care that this Episcopal Conference avoid being manipulated by the rectorate of the university."

Today, in declarations to the local press, the Rector of the Universidad del Diablo was defiant:

The rector of the PUCP, Marcial Rubio, called the decision of the Vatican of stripping the center of studies of the titles of "pontifical" and "Catholic" regrettable ... . ...

"This is our official name, and we are recognized nationally and internationally by it. We have the full right to keep using it for as long as we consider it convenient. Any decision that is taken about it is of the responsibility of the ruling bodies of the university itself," he added.

The former PUCP is the academic alma mater of Liberation Theology (the expression itself was coined by its most famous theology professor, Fr. Gustavo Gutiérrez).

27 comments:

Papabile said...

I woould fully expect the next step would be to canonically warn the rector, then suspend him if he is recalcitrant.

Mike said...

Cardinal Thorne is a priest of Opus Dei. Gosh. Those wobbly neo-cons again!

John-Paul said...

The "right" to use the name? Did they forget from whence the name comes?

Joe Potillor said...

I wonder if the USCCB can get the same slamming for it's support of Liberal policies over the decades contrary to Catholic Teaching....

Prof. Basto said...

The Rector's stance of defiance is formalized in the University's website. According to him "PUCP is governed by the laws of Peru and not by canon law".

The Rector seems to be a layman. The following interview with him published at the University's website (in Spanish):

Nuestro rector, Marcial Rubio, actualmente de viaje, dialogó con .edu acerca del reciente decreto del Vaticano.
¿Qué implica la prohibición de utilizar los términos Pontificia y Católica?
Es un hecho lamentable para todos los que somos católicos y que termina haciendo daño a la misma Iglesia, especialmente en su relación con los jóvenes. No es la mejor muestra de tolerancia y respeto a las libertades que se decrete que una universidad católica no puede llamarse como tal, pero que sus bienes materiales sí. La PUCP tiene registrada la denominación de Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP). Este es nuestro nombre oficial y a través de él somos reconocidos nacional e internacionalmente. Tenemos el pleno derecho a seguir utilizándolo mientras lo consideremos conveniente. Cualquier decisión que se tome al respecto es potestad de los organismos de gobierno de la propia Universidad.
El decreto del Vaticano señala que la PUCP está sometida al derecho canónico y que su patrimonio posee la condición de bien eclesiástico, ¿cuál es su opinión al respecto?
Es una afirmación inexacta. La PUCP es una institución peruana, constituida en el Perú, inscrita como asociación civil y domiciliada en el Perú, que se rige por la legislación peruana y no por el derecho canónico. Por lo tanto, los bienes de la PUCP son propiedad de la PUCP y están protegidos por la Constitución y las leyes peruanas. Esto está claro hasta para el mismo Arzobispado de Lima que litiga contra nosotros en los tribunales peruanos pretendiendo administrar bienes que son nuestros y no de la Santa Sede.
¿Cómo queda, entonces, la relación de la PUCP con la Iglesia?
La PUCP es respetuosa de los valores católicos que han guiado por 95 años su existencia y todo el país es testigo de los esfuerzos que hemos hecho para hallar, mediante el diálogo, una solución integral a nuestras diferencias con la Iglesia. Lamentablemente, la gravedad de los términos planteados por el reciente decreto nos obligará a revisar la relación estatutaria que mantenemos con ella.
¿Cuál es su mensaje a la comunidad universitaria de la PUCP?
De tranquilidad. Todos los derechos y atribuciones de la PUCP están plenamente vigentes y todas nuestras actividades académicas y administrativas se seguirán conduciendo con absoluta normalidad. La Constitución y las leyes peruanas nos protegen. La PUCP otorga sus grados y títulos a nombre de la nación peruana porque así lo dispone la ley universitaria peruana. Nuestros profesores, estudiantes y trabajadores continuarán esforzándose por impulsar la excelencia académica puesta al servicio del país. A quienes somos autoridades, nos toca seguir defendiendo la autonomía y los legítimos derechos de la comunidad universitaria de la PUCP frente a cualquier intento externo de afectarlos.

Source: http://puntoedu.pucp.edu.pe/noticias/la-pucp-se-rige-por-las-leyes-peruanas-y-no-por-el-derecho-canonico/

So, basically, he is stating that the University refuses to amend its Statutes and will not change its name.

Prof. Basto said...

Given the defiance displayed by the Rector of the University, an attitude that is probably shared with the other officers and internal governing bodies of the University, a defiance that can have negative repercussions regarding the execution of the necessary alterations in the University's Statutes (who can amend them?) to alter the University's name, the following statement of the Holy See, contained in yesterday's communiqué of the Holy See Press Office, becomes all important:

"La participación de la Archidiócesis de Lima en el control de la gestión patrimonial de esta entidad ha sido confirmada en varias ocasiones con sentencias de los Tribunales civiles del Perú."

Let us hope that the Civilian Courts of Peru indeed recognize the right of the Church, by means of the Archdiocese of Lima, to control the administration of the University's patrimony.

Let us hope that the same civil Courts recognize that the said university cannot call itself Pontifical or Catholic without approval from the Holy See.

Otherwise, what would keep me from founding the Peruvian University, or the Royal Canadian University?

But the attitude of the Rectory makes it plainly clear that voluntary, spontaneous compliance, will simply not take place. The Holy See and the Archdiocese of Lima will have to fight, will have to litigate in the Peruvian civil Courts, to make effective the removal of the titles "Catholic" and "Pontifical" from the University's name.

Bob F. said...

Reuters reports that PCUP gave Cardinal Ratzinger an honorary doctorate: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/07/21/vatican-censures-leading-_n_1691532.html?utm_hp_ref=religion

Athanasius said...

When is the Vatican going to suppress Episcopal conferences?

Prof. Basto said...

A link to the current Articles of Association (Estatuto) of the PUCP:

http://textos.pucp.edu.pe/texto/Estatuto-de-la-Pontificia-Universidad-Catolica-del-Peru

The Articles contain explicit references not only to the University's status in civil law and its civil erection as a nonprofit association recognized by the State as an autonomous university of national significance, but also to the PUCP canonical status as a public juridical person of the Church, and to its canonical erection, and the rights and duties that flow from that canonical erection as an ecclesiastical legal entity.

However, under the Articles (art. 155), amendments to the Statutes can only be passed by an internal body known as the "University Assembly". That Assembly can only convene to decide amendments when two thirds of its legal members are present. "Normal" amendments need to be passed by a positive vote of three fifths of the legal members of the Assembly.

However, amendments to the Articles required in virtue of norms issued by the Peruvian State or by the Church need the vote of half plus one of the legal members of the Assembly.

The present text of the Articles was adopted in 2011. We know from the Holy See Press Office communiqué that, apart from refusing to implement the Apostolic Constitution Ex Corde Ecclesiae since 1990, the University has also been making unilateral changes to its Articles of Association since 1967, without ecclesiastical approval.

We of course do not know exactly which parts of the 2011 Articles of Association are effective, given the ongoing litigation between the Church and the University in the civil law courts of Peru, and the decisions already rendered in favor of the Church.

New Catholic said...

That is correct, Bob, but it was in 1986 - after the 1967 statutes's modifications, but long before the showdown that began with the insubordination of the university to direct orders from Cardinal Cipriani, Archbishop of Lima since 1999, as well as almost immediately after the groundbreaking 1984 CDF on Liberation Theology, and on the year following the historic notification on Leonardo Boff's writings. Under those circumstances, being awarded an honorary degree could conceivably be interpreted by any observer as the University's acceptance of the authority of the Holy See in a very sensitive matter - all while a Liberation-theology-inspired Maoist guerrilla killed thousands in the Peruvian countryside.

The relationship of Abp. Müller with the PUCP has been very different, of an intimate kind: the university was visited at least once every year by Müller, who has never denied being a great admirer, and perhaps follower, of its favorite son, Fr. Gutiérrez, and it continued, and increased, even while Cardinal Cipriani Thorne was trying to put the university back under the control of the Church.

NC

Matt said...

I'm not gloating, but cheers to the Vatican for taking such measures. My concern is why it took so long, and actually what was the tipping point in this matter? There is so much other BS going on in the Church unabated. Why no crack-down on them? How about a one, two to the anti-TLM gangs?

It's also interesting as to whether this was the Holy Father's round-about way of telling Müller to watch his step, especially since this affected Müller big time: his mentor, his theology and his droll school. Did all of our blogging about Müller catch the Holy Father's attention, fill in some gaps he may have been unaware of of Müller?

Matt said...

Prof. Basto said, "Given the defiance displayed by the Rector of the University, an attitude probably shared with the other officers and internal governing bodies of the University... The attitude of the Rectory makes it plainly clear that voluntary, spontaneous compliance, will simply not take place. The Holy See and the Archdiocese of Lima will have to fight, will have to litigate in the Peruvian civil Courts, to make effective the removal of the titles "Catholic" and "Pontifical" from the University's name."

If this becomes a protracted fight, I have a feeling the Church is going to back down. Some "mutual agreement" is suddenly going to pop up and Anarchist U will maintain its status quo. This won't be the first time the Church has backed down from a fight however noble.

Gratias said...

At the very least this will send a signal to all the other "Devil Universities" here in the Americas and beyond. Well done. Cardinal Ratzinger had to revisit putting in its place Liberation Theology a second time.

Gratias said...

Liberation Theology had a huge impact in Latin American everyday life in the 70s and early 80s. All of a sudden the continent filled with "Worker Priests" or Curas Obreros. They tilled the soil for Marxist Guerrillas such as the Tupamaros in Uruguay, Montoneros in Argentina, Abp. Helder Camêra in Recife Brazil, and Shining Path in Peru. Decades of civil war followed. Mixing Marxism and Catholicism is very dangerous, it gets lots of people killed. And the "Universidad del Diablo" led the way with their shining path of choosing to side with the poor at every step.

Gratias said...

Universities were a purely Catholic invention as most of you know. The Church has always been on the side of Reason which, as Benedict XVI teaches us, also means Logos or Word in Greek. " In principio erat Verbum.. Et Verbum Caro factum est". This is in our last Gospel at every Mass.

Some universities were designated Pontifical, which had the precise meaning that they would be under the legal protection of Canonical Jurisprudence in cases of confrontations between cap and town. In all Universities teaching was in Latin and those who obtained a "Master" degree were habilitated to teach throughout Christendom.

The Peruvian Marxists mat not change their name, but this is a very important fight worth having. Are disobedient Jesuits listening?

Adriano said...

Its clear that we see now a ex- pucp that is formed by rebelios persons.

rodrigo said...

choosing to side with the poor at every step

Promoting Marxism is not "siding with the poor".

Melchior said...

Doubt this would ever happen involving the USCCB: too much $$$$ comes from the USA.

MKT said...

NC highlights the real showdown to come.

The non-PC UP has challenged the Vatican to a fight.

The fight will pertain to 2 things:
- The rights of the Pope and the Church to own the titles "Pontifical" and "Catholic"

- How doctrine governs those rights.


The first thing has been clearly annunciated in the declaration.

The second will be driven by the CDF, whose new leader is sympathetic to the revolutionaries. The 2nd one trumps the first in fact because doctrine determines the right. And the 2nd can also force a re-evaluation of the 1st.

Thus this becomes the first real sniff test as to how + Muller will impact the application of doctrine.

Will he commandeer a softening doctrinal stance against Liberation Theology? Which can overturn the current decision against the non-PC UP?

Pray for + Muller's imminent conversion to Catholicism.

MKT said...

In fact, a gloomy perspective of what is going on here could be that + Muller may be forcing the showdown to publicize a new softened stance towards liberationism.

To achieve this, the "hard stance" is made to happen because this is the best way to make a "new stance" public and universal.

In short, I believe it prudent for Catholics - in the spirit that the Lord commmanded to us to be "wise as serpents" - that there may be much brewing under the surface and the outcome is not guaranteed to be good.

Only the Rosary will give us the security we are hoping for.

As others have stated, where this goes will determine if the Holy See will truly go after other ex-Catholic diabolical universities.

Prof. Basto said...

Statements of Cardinal Juan L. Cipriani Thorne, Archbishop of Lima, on 21.07.2012, on the subject of the former PUCP (in Spanish):

Sobre el Decreto de la Santa Sede en el caso PUCP

El Arzobispo de Lima también se refirió sobre el decreto de la Secretaría de Estado de la Santa Sede en relación a la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, hecho público el último viernes 20 de julio.

“Confíen en el Santo Padre y vuelvan por el camino de sus fundadores antes de llegar a los cien años de la universidad", refirió.

Señaló que desde hace algún tiempo, la Secretaría de Estado de la Santa Sede ha revisado directamente el tema de la universidad, a la cual en reiteradas oportunidades se le ha solicitado adecuar sus estatutos a la legislación de la Iglesia.

“No me siento ganador (con el decreto), en absoluto. Hace tiempo la Secretaría de Estado ha hecho suyo este asunto. Y el Gran Canciller y Ordinario de Lugar pasó a un segundo lugar al no tener que ver en el tema. (…) Yo no tengo que personalizar el tema, yo no tengo que hablar ya nada. Es la universidad quien tiene que dirigirse a la Secretaría de Estado, a la Santa Sede”, señaló.

En otro momento, recordó que la legislación de la Iglesia es perfectamente compatible con la legislación peruana, en conformidad con el Acuerdo de la Santa Sede con el Estado peruano.

“Porque dicho acuerdo dice que las instituciones católicas se pueden regir conforme a su axiología (forma de pensar). No hay incompatibilidad, esto lo está diciendo claramente el documento (decreto) de la Santa Sede”.

Finalmente, lamentó que en los últimos tiempos haya un ataque hacia la investidura del Cardenal y Gran Canciller de la universidad.

“Con dolor digo que ha sido una estrategia de comunicación de la universidad el convertir este tema en un asunto de ataque a una persona, queriendo inclusive a veces dividir a la Conferencia Episcopal, y en otras ocasiones, diciendo cosas que no son correctas. Yo no sé quién y cómo se toman estas decisiones pero ha sido muy penoso que en los últimos siete años, cualquier cosa que yo comente va a ser distorsionada y motivo de una crítica feroz”, señaló.

“Aquí no hay ganadores ni perdedores. Para todo diálogo y tratamiento de las cosas se tiene que tener encima de la mesa la verdad”, culminó.

Prof. Basto said...

OFFICIAL COMMUNIQUÉ OF PUCP'S UNIVERSITY ASSEMBLY

The University Assembly of PUCP (under the Articles of Association, the body empowered to amend the said Articles), has met yesterday, but it has refused to comply with the decree of the Holy See. Instead, it has issued the following communiqué, "deploring" Rome's action (in Spanish - source: The University's website):

Comunicado de la Asamblea Universitaria de la PUCP

La Asamblea Universitaria de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, reunida en sesión del 23 de julio del 2012, ha aprobado el siguiente comunicado:

1. La comunidad universitaria de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP), representada por su Asamblea Universitaria, deplora el decreto emitido por la Secretaría de Estado de la Santa Sede, el cual contiene diversos aspectos que se oponen a los derechos reconocidos en la Constitución Política y en la legislación peruana -como el derecho a la identidad-, al pretender prohibir el uso de los términos “Pontificia” y “Católica”.

2. La PUCP afirma que, por su carácter de institución peruana, constituida y domiciliada en el Perú desde 1917, hará prevalecer el compromiso que tiene para con sus estudiantes, profesores y trabajadores, y para con sus graduados y egresados, de hacer respetar su denominación oficial, la cual goza de reconocido prestigio nacional e internacional, y está expresada en los grados y títulos que otorga a nombre de la Nación.

3. La PUCP reitera su compromiso con los valores católicos que la inspiran y la alientan cotidianamente. Estos valores nos reafirman como una universidad autónoma, democrática, creativa, crítica, pluralista, con calidad en la enseñanza y en la investigación, comprometida con la sociedad peruana, e identificada con los principios cristianos que fundan los derechos del ser humano.

4. Los miembros de la Asamblea Universitaria de la PUCP expresan su reconocimiento y respaldo a la gestión que viene realizando el Rectorado de la Universidad en la conducción de las relaciones con la jerarquía de la Iglesia, en conformidad con los acuerdos adoptados previamente por la Asamblea Universitaria.

El Secretario General


So, that is it. Complete defiance.

Now, we are set for a legal confrontation that will test the efficacy, in Civil Law (at least in Peru; but surely this is being watched all over the world), of the Holy See's decision to strip an institution of its titles of "Pontifical" and "Catholic" that form part of the corporate name under which it is registered before the State Registrar of Juridical Persons.

This confrontation will test the interactions between Civil Law and Canon Law, interaction upon which the protection of the rights of the Church over its patrimony often depends.

And such a confrontation will unfortunately take place against an university that has been allowed with impunity to unilaterally modify its Articles of Association, without the approval of the Church, for the last 45 years, since 1967.

Prof. Basto said...

What follows is mere speculation from my own mind, but I wonder:

Given that the PUCP has unilaterally altered its Articles of Association since 1967, I'm left to wonder if the pre-1967 Articles conditioned the validity of any alteration to the approval of the ecclesiastical authorities. If such a condidion existed, then the original 1967 amendments, and any future unilateral amendments (including any possible amendment changing the amending procedure itself to exclude references to the role of the Church in approving the alterations), are invalid.

Of course, it may well be, given the more than forty years elapsed since 1967, that the matter is now covered by prescription (an institution of civil law systems that closely resembles the statute of limitations of common law jurisdictions) - given the Church's inertia, when She should have acted quickly after the PUCP took the grave step of amending the statutes unilaterally.

But perhaps the Courts of Peru will find some reason not to apply prescription. PUCP's invokation of alleged prescription under a ten year time limit was not upheld in recent litigation that opposed PUCP and the Church over an endowment, and over the invalidity of an "internal agreement" of the endowment's Administration Junta, dated from 1994, that harmed the rights of the Church.

And the present Articles of Association, in any case, still recognize PUCP's canonical personality alongside its civil personality.

Even the simplified revision procedure of the Articles exists not only to adapt the Articles to new requirements of the norms of the State, but also to adapt them to the norms of the Church.

Of course, adapting to the norms of the State is not an option; in like fashion, one could claim that given PUCP's own recognition, in its Articles of Association, of its canonical personality and of the rights and duties that flow from it, that, then, adaptation to the demands of the law of the Church is also not an option.

***************

Finally, I'm left with a sense that PUCP only felt emboldened to defy the Holy See over the implementation of Ex Corde Ecclesiae because the Church herself had turned a blind eye to the unilateral alterations of the Articles of Association since 1967.

The norms of canonical erection required ecclesiastical approval of the Articles and its amendments, but that norm of canon law was ignored, so the PUCP validated its impression that the canonical legal order was not serious, that any canonical obligations were fake, a fantasy, not enforceable. Like a teenager that tests and challenges the parents to see if they will enforce the rules. For decades after 1967, the socialists governing PUCP were lead to believe that the Church would never enforce its rules.

They were so confident in that view, so emboldened by the past experience, that they decided to defy the Church even further, by refusing to implement Ex Corde Ecclesiae. And over the next twenty years, it worked, as they succeeded in playing for time. They asked for more time, always in bad faith, always knowing that they would never obey, and the Holy See, without willpower to enforce its authority, or perhaps out of naïveté, granted them more time. Until they managed to reach the limits of Pope Benedict's patience, resulting in last week's historical action.

Let's hope that the Holy See has the courage to get to the bottom of this, now that it decided to act.

Prof. Basto said...

From Peru's newspaper "El Commercio":

El camino que viene para ejecutar el decreto de la Santa Sede que prohíbe usar a la PUCP los títulos de pontificia y católica es todo un proceso y será la Nunciatura Apostólica la que lo lleve adelante.

El juez del Tribunal Eclesiástico y doctor en Derecho Canónico, Luis Gaspar, explicó que primero debe comunicarse esta decisión del Vaticano a diversas instituciones como la Asamblea Nacional de Rectores (ANR). En el caso de que la prohibición del uso del nombre no se acate, pasará al fuero civil y a los tribunales eclesiásticos. “Los alumnos de este año no tendrán el título con el nombre de la PUCP”, dijo.

El especialista en Derecho Canónico Gonzalo Flores sostuvo que la nunciatura tendrá que pedir a la ANR que deje de certificar los títulos con el nombre de pontificia y católica. “La universidad podrá seguir funcionando y puede seguir emitiendo títulos, pero con un nombre diferente”, agregó.

Según él, la ANR debe cumplir con la exigencia de la Santa Sede puesto que a esta la amparan tratados internacionales que protegen el uso de la denominación católica y pontificia.

Señaló que la ANR solo podrá seguir certificando títulos con la denominación actual PUCP si el Poder Judicial autorizara una medida cautelar a favor de la universidad o resolviera, luego de un proceso, que el nombre le pertenece.

PROCESO POR LOS BIENES
A esto se sumaría un proceso, más largo, por los bienes materiales de la universidad, ya que la Santa Sede al quitarle las nominaciones de pontificia y católica no ha abandonado la propiedad de la universidad.

Hasta el momento la ANR continúa en silencio y el Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores tampoco se ha pronunciado, pese a que sería el encargado de velar por el cumplimiento del acuerdo entre el Perú y el Vaticano de 1980.

Prof. Basto said...

The Peruvian daily "El Comercio" published (http://elcomercio.pe/actualidad/1444655/noticia-lee-carta-que-vaticano-envio-al-rector-pucp) the text of a Letter from the Cardinal Secretary of State that was sent to PUCP's Rector together with the decree concerning the suppression of the names "Pontifical" and "Catholic".

This cover letter contains a paragraph stating:

Since that last date [1967], the authorities of the said University, without the prior and necessary approval of the Holy See, have effected multiple and substantial alterations in the same [Articles of Association], damaging gravely the rights of the Church. In light of the Agreement in force between Peru and the Holy See, and of Canon Law, we consider that the said modifications are illegitimate and that by them the Church is being spoliated.

Prof. Basto said...

Full text of the cover letter that was sent by the Cardinal Secretary of State together with the decree that removed from PUCP the titles Pontifical and Catholic.

The letter deals with the unilateral changes to the Articles of Association and with the attempts of the PUCP officers to remove the Church from its governance. PUCP's actions are described as "arbitrary" and as having the goal of seeing the Church "renounce her legitimate rights in the (field of) service to Catholic Education".


Señor Rector:
La Santa Sede ha seguido con particular atención la evolución de la situación de la Pontificia Universidad Cató1ica del Perú. (PUCP), especialmente tras la Visita canónica del Emmo. Card. Peter Erdo y su visita a Roma el pasado 21 de febrero.
Durante la conversación que mantuvimos en aquella oportunidad, por mandato del Santo Padre le comuniqué, en sustancia, la ‘exigencia legal’ de adecuar los Estatutos de esa Universidad a la legislación canónica de la Constitución Apostó1ica Ex Corde Ecclesiae, como debería haberse hecho ya desde 1990.
Ese ha sido en todo momento el claro requerimiento que la Santa Sede les ha hecho como obvio requisito para que sean reconocidas y garantizadas adecuadamente la identidad y la misión específicas de esa Universidad.
He sido informado detalladamente par el Nuncio Apostó1ico en el Perú, Su Excelencia Monseñor James Green, de las reuniones que han tenido en la sede de la Nunciatura Apostólica, así como de sus propuestas. Atendiendo al pedido que Usted le hizo, se amplió el plazo para la adecuación de los Estatutos desde el 8 al 18 de abril último.

Debo comunicarle ahora la notable decepción con que esta Secretaria de Estado ha ido percibiendo la orientación que ese Rectorado daba a la problemática, particularmente en la carta N. 068/12.R del 13 de abril de 2012 y en la sorprendente carta N. 095/12.R, del 9 de mayo de 2012, publicada como ‘Aviso’ en el Diario ‘La Republica’ el 11 de mayo de 2012. Llama particularmente la atención el modo de presentar en ella las indicaciones recibidas de la Santa Sede y el papel desempeñado por el Arzobispo de Lima. Esa interpretación ha sido causa de desinformación para la comunidad universitaria, para los fieles y los ciudadanos en general.
Como he tenido modo de expresarle antes, la situación irregular que viene atravesando la Universidad no es reciente y ha sido materia de seria preocupación de los tres últimos Arzobispos de Lima, no solamente del actual. La Universidad ha venido incumpliendo las disposiciones legales establecidas, que se ha advertido reiteradamente por escrito.
Consta en nuestros archivos que los últimos Estatutos de la PUCP fueron aprobados, como corresponde a una Universidad Pontificia, por la Sagrada Congregación de Seminarios y Universidades en 1946 y a ellos se han ido incorporando modificaciones aprobadas por la misma Congregación en los años 1957, 1964 y 1967.

Desde la última fecha, las Autoridades de la mencionada Universidad, sin previa y necesaria aprobación de la Santa Sede, han realizado múltiples y sustanciales modificaciones de los mismos perjudicando gravemente los derechos de la Iglesia. A la luz del Acuerdo vigente entre Perú y la Santa Sede y del Derecho Canónico consideramos que dichas modificaciones son ilegítimas y que a través de ellas se está ocasionando un expolio a la Iglesia.

Habiendo recibido de su parte una respuesta negativa al requerimiento de la Santa Sede, debo constatar que en las Autoridades de la Universidad que Usted regenta no hay voluntad de corregir esa arbitrariedad, y que pretenden que la Iglesia renuncie a sus legítimos derechos al servicio de la educación católica.

(to be continued).

Prof. Basto said...

(continued)

Esta actitud no reconoce la legítima autonomía de que goza la Iglesia para organizar sus instituciones educativas, como es el caso de la PUCP, en total observancia de las leyes civiles vigentes en el País y del Acuerdo entre el Estado peruano y la Santa Sede. La autonomía de las Universidades Católicas ha sido siempre plenamente reconocida por la Iglesia, dentro del ámbito de sus normas, porque el necesario aporte de la libertad es imprescindible para una sana actividad de estudio e investigación comprometida en la búsqueda de la Verdad, empeño que debe presidir todo esfuerzo por ampliar las múltiples dimensiones del conocimiento y del saber.
Por el contrario, dejando de lado el requerimiento que ha sido hecho a esa Universidad de acomodarse a la ley canónica, del todo compatible con la legislación peruana, ese Rectorado responde que, como ‘premisa’ para adecuarse a la ley de la Iglesia es necesaria una ‘negociación’ con el Arzobispado de Lima que impida el control de este sobre la administración del patrimonio de la Universidad.
Sobre este punto se han pronunciado los tribunales del Perú. Se trata de un derecho-deber a favor de la Iglesia de Lima, que busca sólo garantizar la transparencia y ejemplaridad en dicha administración patrimonial y su adecuación a los fines fundacionales de esa Universidad. Son objetivos que interesan por igual a todos los fieles de esa comunidad eclesial.
Sorprende aun, el hecho que ese Rectorado anteponga un problema ‘que, al fin y al cabo, es exclusivamente un asunto de bienes materiales’, como decía Usted en su carta del pasado 13 de abril, al deber que esta Secretaria de Estado le recordaba de observar la legalidad eclesial.
Ambas cuestiones poseen su propia autonomía. Una ‘solución integral’, como Usted dice, que no respete los elementos de justicia que hay en una cuestión y en la otra, representa una solución contraria a la justicia. La primera exigencia, incondicional, que esa Universidad tiene que cumplir es la de ajustarse al Derecho y adecuar sus Estatutos a la legislación canónica.
A la luz de cuanto he escrito y después de tantos años de diálogo y tentativos para restablecer la legítima autonomía propia de una Universidad Católica, la Santa Sede se ve obligada a adoptar las necesarias medidas en relación con esa Universidad.
A la presente carta le adjunto el Decreto de la Santa Sede al respecto. A Usted, Sr. Rector, le incumbe una concreta responsabilidad en la presente situación ya que, por razón del cargo, tiene la misión de hacer cumplir en la comunidad universitaria las leyes y disposiciones de la Iglesia.
Con todo el respeto le saluda atentamente y le encomienda.

Tarcisio Cardenal Bertone
Secretario de Su Santidad