Rorate Caeli

"Compromise is compromise. It cannot go on forever"

By "self-ordination" the Cardinal of Hong Kong is clearly referring to the continued consecration of Chinese "Patriotic Catholic" bishops appointed by the Communist government in Beijing, without any papal mandate. CAP.

January 2, 2009

HONG KONG (UCAN) -- Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-kiun of Hong Kong has called for bishops in mainland China to courageously fulfill their responsibilities to the Church, saying compromise cannot last forever.

The cardinal made the call in his article in the Jan. 4 issue of Kung Kao Po, the diocese's Chinese-language weekly. On Dec. 24, he had announced to local media that Pope Benedict XVI had agreed to let him retire in the first half of 2009, although the date of retirement has yet to be announced, and that he would focus on China Church affairs.

In his article, “Inspiration from St. Stephen’s Martyrdom,” the cardinal reviewed developments since 2006 and made an appeal to his “brothers in mainland China.”

“Don’t be afraid. Bear the responsibilities that history has placed upon you! In this critical moment, your choice could revive the Church or it could let her languish for a long time,” he told mainland bishops.

“You are held accountable to history and you must be prepared to stand firm without blemish before God’s judgment,” he continued.

His call was prompted by anticipation that Vatican-approved bishops in the open Church might participate in the election of chairpersons of the government-recognized Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association (CCPA) and Bishops’ Conference of the Catholic Church in China (BCCCC) during the next National Congress of Catholic Representatives.

The national congress, the highest self-governing body of the CCPA and BCCCC, is supposed to be held every five years.

Bishops. The sixth congress elected Michael Fu Tieshan to head the CCPA in 1998, and the seventh elected Joseph Liu Yuanren of Nanjing to head the BCCCC in 2004. Neither prelate was recognized by the Vatican. Their posts have remained vacant since Bishop Liu died in 2005 and Bishop Fu in 2007.

No national congress has been announced, but the government-approved "open" Church celebrated in 2007 the golden jubilee of the founding of the CCPA, and in 2008 the jubilee of the “self-election and self-ordination” of bishops.

The China Church began illicit episcopal ordinations in 1958. Since then, there have been about 170 "self-elected, self-ordained" bishops in China.

The prelate also pointed out that some “learning sessions” appear to have taken place, seemingly in preparation for the congress.

“Must the meeting take place?” he asked. “Is it not an insult in response to the pope’s letter to Chinese Catholics - or perhaps you could call it a slap on his face – if (bishops are) joining such a meeting?”

More directly he asked mainland clergy, “Does your conscience allow you to do that? Would the people of God accept such behavior from you?”

Pope Benedict’s letter to Chinese Catholics, released on June 30, 2007, stated Catholic Church principles and gave pastoral guidelines.

Cardinal Zen encouraged the mainland bishops to follow the example of the first Christian martyr, Saint Stephen, assuring that being open about their stance would not result in “total loss.”

In his article, the cardinal quoted an unidentified person telling the "underground" clergy that compromise was wise, because “we are in communion with the pope and recognized by the government, and can take care of the Catholics.”

“Instead, you prefer staying in jail, sacrifice your lives, and so your faithful are abandoned without anyone to take care of them,” the unnamed person reportedly said.

However, “compromise is compromise,” the cardinal warned. “It cannot go on forever.”

“One should not give up the truth of faith forever for the sake of evangelization,” he stressed.

With regret, he said more than a dozen Vatican-approved bishops in the open Church had taken part in three ordinations conducted without Vatican approval in 2006.

On the contrary, 2007 contained “a ray of hope,” since the Vatican convened a meeting on the Church situation in China, and the pope wrote his letter to Chinese Catholics. The CCPA 50th anniversary celebration in July 2007 could be described as the “aftermath of the era before the papal letter,” Cardinal Zen remarked.

By now, however, all should have digested the content of the papal document, he wrote. That is why participating in “self-election and self-ordination” celebrations of bishops in December 2008 “made one feel perplexed.”

The Vatican sent another letter to encourage bishops to stand behind the pope’s teaching, Cardinal Zen added.

That letter, signed by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, Vatican secretary of state, on April 22, 2008, was addressed to all Vatican-approved bishops in mainland China.


Image of Cardinal Zen is from the Solemn Pontifical Mass (1962 Missal) he offered last year in Hong Kong. More can be found in this wonderful webpage.


Brother Juniper said...

I have had the opportunity to meet Chinese religious and priests from the mainland that belong to the Communist-sponsored church. They are sincere religious, who live their vows in the best way that they possibly can.

It is unfortunate that the Communist government has such a choke-hold over the Church in this most ancient country. However, this does not mean that there are not priests and bishops that are loyal to the Holy Father and not to the "self-appointed, self-ordained" bishops.

BTW, there was an article in the Atlantic Monthly several years ago on this same issue.

Louis E. said...

A possibly relevant (if worrying) sign is that on the occasion of the recent ad limina visit,the Vatican news bulletin described the bishops as of the "Conferenza Episcopale di Taiwan" even though the organization is formally the "Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference",i.e. the conference that,if in good standing,the mainland(and Hong Kong) bishops ought to belong to.It would seem that Rome is opening the door to recognition of the schismatic bodies as legitimate.

LeonG said...

Compromise is the theme of the post-conciliar church - the situation with the Chinese Catholic Church is symptomatic of this trend. It can be demonstrated in almost every aspect of modern Catholic thinking and action, from the liturgy to ecumenical behaviour. Our Blessed Lady of Akita has admonished the modern church for compromises and these have helped to draw the dark clouds that are gathering around us. Therein lies the key to understanding the internal systemic divisions of the contemporary ecclesiastical establishment.