Rorate Caeli

Newman, Tyburn, and our own time

This is an evening of joy, of immense spiritual joy, for all of us. We are gathered here in prayerful vigil to prepare for tomorrow’s Mass, during which a great son of this nation, Cardinal John Henry Newman, will be declared Blessed. How many people, in England and throughout the world, have longed for this moment! It is also a great joy for me, personally, to share this experience with you. As you know, Newman has long been an important influence in my own life and thought, as he has been for so many people beyond these isles. The drama of Newman’s life invites us to examine our lives, to see them against the vast horizon of God’s plan, and to grow in communion with the Church of every time and place: the Church of the apostles, the Church of the martyrs, the Church of the saints, the Church which Newman loved and to whose mission he devoted his entire life.
Let me begin by recalling that Newman, by his own account, traced the course of his whole life back to a powerful experience of conversion which he had as a young man. It was an immediate experience of the truth of God’s word, of the objective reality of Christian revelation as handed down in the Church. This experience, at once religious and intellectual, would inspire his vocation to be a minister of the Gospel, his discernment of the source of authoritative teaching in the Church of God, and his zeal for the renewal of ecclesial life in fidelity to the apostolic tradition. At the end of his life, Newman would describe his life’s work as a struggle against the growing tendency to view religion as a purely private and subjective matter, a question of personal opinion. Here is the first lesson we can learn from his life: in our day, when an intellectual and moral relativism threatens to sap the very foundations of our society, Newman reminds us that, as men and women made in the image and likeness of God, we were created to know the truth, to find in that truth our ultimate freedom and the fulfilment of our deepest human aspirations. In a word, we are meant to know Christ, who is himself “the way, and the truth, and the life” (Jn 14:6).

Newman’s life also teaches us that passion for the truth, intellectual honesty and genuine conversion are costly. The truth that sets us free cannot be kept to ourselves; it calls for testimony, it begs to be heard, and in the end its convincing power comes from itself and not from the human eloquence or arguments in which it may be couched. Not far from here, at Tyburn, great numbers of our brothers and sisters died for the faith; the witness of their fidelity to the end was ever more powerful than the inspired words that so many of them spoke before surrendering everything to the Lord. In our own time, the price to be paid for fidelity to the Gospel is no longer being hanged, drawn and quartered but it often involves being dismissed out of hand, ridiculed or parodied. And yet, the Church cannot withdraw from the task of proclaiming Christ and his Gospel as saving truth, the source of our ultimate happiness as individuals and as the foundation of a just and humane society.

Finally, Newman teaches us that if we have accepted the truth of Christ and committed our lives to him, there can be no separation between what we believe and the way we live our lives. Our every thought, word and action must be directed to the glory of God and the spread of his Kingdom. Newman understood this, and was the great champion of the prophetic office of the Christian laity. He saw clearly that we do not so much accept the truth in a purely intellectual act as embrace it in a spiritual dynamic that penetrates to the core of our being. Truth is passed on not merely by formal teaching, important as that is, but also by the witness of lives lived in integrity, fidelity and holiness; those who live in and by the truth instinctively recognize what is false and, precisely as false, inimical to the beauty and goodness which accompany the splendour of truth, veritatis splendor.

Tonight’s first reading is the magnificent prayer in which Saint Paul asks that we be granted to know “the love of Christ which surpasses all understanding” (Eph 3:14-21). The Apostle prays that Christ may dwell in our hearts through faith (cf. Eph 3:17) and that we may come to “grasp, with all the saints, the breadth and the length, the height and the depth” of that love. Through faith we come to see God’s word as a lamp for our steps and light for our path (cf. Ps 119:105). Newman, like the countless saints who preceded him along the path of Christian discipleship, taught that the “kindly light” of faith leads us to realize the truth about ourselves, our dignity as God’s children, and the sublime destiny which awaits us in heaven. By letting the light of faith shine in our hearts, and by abiding in that light through our daily union with the Lord in prayer and participation in the life-giving sacraments of the Church, we ourselves become light to those around us; we exercise our “prophetic office”; often, without even knowing it, we draw people one step closer to the Lord and his truth. Without the life of prayer, without the interior transformation which takes place through the grace of the sacraments, we cannot, in Newman’s words, “radiate Christ”; we become just another “clashing cymbal” (1 Cor 13:1) in a world filled with growing noise and confusion, filled with false paths leading only to heartbreak and illusion.

One of the Cardinal’s best-loved meditations includes the words, “God has created me to do him some definite service. He has committed some work to me which he has not committed to another” (Meditations on Christian Doctrine). Here we see Newman’s fine Christian realism, the point at which faith and life inevitably intersect. Faith is meant to bear fruit in the transformation of our world through the power of the Holy Spirit at work in the lives and activity of believers. No one who looks realistically at our world today could think that Christians can afford to go on with business as usual, ignoring the profound crisis of faith which has overtaken our society, or simply trusting that the patrimony of values handed down by the Christian centuries will continue to inspire and shape the future of our society. We know that in times of crisis and upheaval God has raised up great saints and prophets for the renewal of the Church and Christian society; we trust in his providence and we pray for his continued guidance. But each of us, in accordance with his or her state of life, is called to work for the advancement of God’s Kingdom by imbuing temporal life with the values of the Gospel. Each of us has a mission, each of us is called to change the world, to work for a culture of life, a culture forged by love and respect for the dignity of each human person. As our Lord tells us in the Gospel we have just heard, our light must shine in the sight of all, so that, seeing our good works, they may give praise to our heavenly Father (cf. Mt 5:16).
And now, dear friends, let us continue our vigil of prayer by preparing to encounter Christ, present among us in the Blessed Sacrament of the Altar. Together, in the silence of our common adoration, let us open our minds and hearts to his presence, his love, and the convincing power of his truth. In a special way, let us thank him for the enduring witness to that truth offered by Cardinal John Henry Newman. Trusting in his prayers, let us ask the Lord to illumine our path, and the path of all British society, with the kindly light of his truth, his love and his peace. Amen.
Benedict XVI
September 18, 2010


wheat4paradise said...

This address has put everything into perspective for me. I've been missing the point all along. I now realize that this Pope has not come to convert pagans and heretics. He has come to build up the brethren. His mission is to shepherd the sheep. Peter, do you love me? ... Feed my sheep. Pope Benedict XVI knows -- perhaps more keenly than any modern pope -- that there are wolves about and they mean to eat us ... and the shepherd, too. God bless Pope Benedict XVI.

Pascendi said...

What a beautiful vigil. The exposition of the Blessed Sacrament in Hyde Park brought tears to my eyes.
Here, in the city where madmen like Henry, Cromwell and others unleashed their hatred against Christ and His Church. have been answered by the Blood of the Martyrs.

John McFarland said...

The Holy Father invites his listeners " grow in communion with the Church of every time and place: the Church of the apostles, the Church of the martyrs, the Church of the saints, the Church which Newman loved and to whose mission he devoted his entire life."

His entire life? This would appear to mean that Newman was a member of the Church at least from the time of his conversion "experience," if not from his baptism in the Anglican Church.

The Holy Father then goes on recall the English martyrs -- who were, of course, executed by the members of the Anglican Church.

This would appear to mean that we are all on some sort of continuum of communion: the young Anglican Newman, the old Catholic Newman, the martyrs of Tyburn, those who drew and quartered them. Arius and St. Athanasius and Pelagius and St. Augustine and the Iconoclasts and St. John Damascene must be on there, too.

I would suggest that those of you who deny the existence of a state of necessity meditate on the Holy Father's words.

John McFarland said...


The Holy Father must evangelize.

Other sheep I have that are not of this fold; them also I must bring.

Going, therefore, teach ye all nations.

Woe to me if I do not evangelize.

So if you have the right perspective on the Holy Father's understanding of his mission, you have revealed him as a man derelict in his duty.

Anonymous said...

"His entire life? This would appear to mean that Newman was a member of the Church at least from the time of his conversion "experience," if not from his baptism in the Anglican Church."

Mr. McFarland:

The Pope says or implies no such thing. It is obvious from the entire context of the speech that he refers to the Catholic Church, to which Newman belonged for more than half of his life. I'm pretty certain that most of the people in Hyde Park would NOT have taken this as a reference to the Anglican "church".

The problem is not with the Pope, but with your intense obsession with twisting his words in order to find the smallest evidence of heterodoxy.


wheat4paradise said...

The Pope is not derelict in his duties. He has repeatedly exhorted Catholics to evangelize. The pagans, heretics, and Jews are well aware of the Holy Father's evangelistic intentions. However, the Pope has not taken upon himself the direct task of winning converts. Rather, he has delegated that task to the laity. Read his homilies -- it's all there. His own unique mission is to build up the laity in Christ so that they can carry out the task of evangelization.

Anonymous said...

"The problem is not with the Pope, but with your intense obsession with twisting his words in order to find the smallest evidence of heterodoxy."

Exactement! Thank you DefensorFidei!

Anonymous said...

Lay evangelization was implored at the Ascension of Christ to the gathered multitude by an Angel. It is not unique to Pope Bendict XVI. Clerical evangelization was carried out by various religious missionaries with great success. The lack of so many of them today is another example of the Silent Spring we are undergoing. Perhaps the discussions between Rome and the SSPX regarding the official requirements of Vatican II will shed some light for us all. Evangelization is hard to achieve when established teachings are in a state of flux in the minds of many.

A.M. LaPietra