Rorate Caeli

Universidad Ni-Ni: ni Pontificia ni Católica
The non-Pontifical non-Catholic University of Peru
Updated: full text of the decree

Peruvian daily El Comercio publishes this Saturday the Decree of the Secretary of State, under the mandate received from His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI, removing the titles of "Pontifical" and "Catholic" from the name of the disobedient and dissenting "Pontifical Catholic University of Peru" (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú - PUCP).



N. 3168/12/RS


The Secretary of State, fulfilling the mandate of His Holiness Benedict XVI, sent a letter to the Honorable Rector of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru on February 21, 2012, reiterating the demand of adapting the Statutes of said University to the prescriptions of the Apostolic Constitution Ex Corde Ecclesiae, of August 15, 1990 (AAS 82, [1990] 1481-1490), also establishing April 8, 2012, as the final date for the fulfillment of such obligation. This petition was in addition to several others made to the same University in the same sense for the past twenty years.

The deadline initially established was extended repeatedly by petition of the Rectorate of the University up to April 18, 2012, with no fulfillment of the order of the Holy See.

Afterwards, by way of two letters of the Honorable Rector addressed to the Emin. Cardinal Secretary of State, one dated April 13, 2012, the other being an "open letter" dated May 9, 2012, and published by the same Rectorate as a "Warning" [Aviso] in the Lima daily "La República" on May 11, 2012, the notice was delivered of not being able to accede to the required fulfillment of the law.

For all this:

- considering that the aforementioned University was founded on March 1, 1917, with ecclesiastical approval of the Archbishop of Lima, Abp. Pedro Manuel García y Naranjo; recognized by the Peruvian State on the 24th of the same month and year as the Catholic University; erected by Pope Pius XII on September 30, 1942, as a canonical juridical person, subjected as such to the canonical legislation in matters of centers of Higher Education and whose property thus holds the nature of ecclesiastical assets, in the manner established of the can. 1257 § 1, in force;

-considering that art. 1 § 3, of the Apostolic Constitution Ex Corde Ecclesiae, of August 15, 1990, establishes that all Universities subjected to the canonical legislation must adapt its Statutes to the aforementioned Constitution, which was not done up to this moment by the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, despite repeated requests;

-considering that the fulfillment of the canonical legislation is compatible with the applicable Peruvian legislation, in the manner established in articles I and XIX of the Agreement celebrated between the Holy See and the Republic of Peru on July 19, 1980 (AAS 72, [1980] 807-812);

-considering that the aforementioned University persists in guiding its institutional initiatives according to criteria that are incompatible with the discipline and morals of the Church;

-considering that no University, even if effectively Catholic and framed according to the Church legislation, may use in its name the title "Catholic" if not with the consent of the corresponding ecclesiastical authority, as established by can. 808 (cf. Canons 803, 216 of the Code of Canon Law);

-considering that the express consent of the Holy See is similarly necessary for the use the name of "Pontifical" ["Ponticio" o "Pontificia"], (Declaratio ad Summi Pontificis dignitatem tuendam, in AAS 102 [2010] 59);

Consequently, in virtue of the mandate
received from His Holiness, Benedict XVI

by the present


1. It is forbidden to the aforementioned University the use of the title of "Pontifical" in its name, suppressing the concession that had been previously granted to it.

2. It is forbidden likewise that the aforementioned University use in its name the title of "Catholic", with the removal of the consent that had been previously granted to it in such sense, in the sense of the current can. 808 of the Code of Canon Law.

3. It is declared at the same time that the aforementioned University, as a public juridical person of the Church, remains subjected to the canonical legislation in the matters to which it is currently bound, even if, for the aforementioned reasons, it has been deprived of the right to use in its name the titles of "Pontifical" and "Catholic", and that the Holy See will continue to insist in the full respect of the canonical discipline.

Notice is to be given of the present Decree to the Congregation for Catholic Education for its effective fulfillment. 

Given in Vatican City, July 11, 2012

Tarcisio Card Bertone


Congratulations to Cardinal Cipriani Thorne, Archbishop of Lima, and the Holy See for their firmness. They were too patient, at least since 2006-2007, but the dissenters of this university, completely subverted by Liberation Theologians, were on the shining path to secularism. Considering that almost all the assets and property of the university were awarded decades ago by faithful Catholics to  specifically house a Catholic University, and that the University is still juridically/canonically Catholic, one hopes that the Holy See and the Archdiocese of Lima will be able to recover all of them and expel the deceivers.

[Tip: Infocatólica, via La Cigüeña. Update: also at In the image: Abp. Müller, current Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, receiving an Honorary Doctorate from the "Pontifical Catholic" University of Peru, already under the investigation of Cardinal Cipriani Thorne, in Nov. 28, 2008. Fr. Gustavo Gutiérrez is to his right, and the University Rector whose actions were condemned by the Holy See this July, Marcial Rubio Correa, is to his left. Cardinal Cipriani Thorne was not present.]


  1. Yeah! Congratulations for be quickly to say than from 1967 (1990 in the better version) the University was modificating statues and acting without and outside the Church. Only 44 (or 22) years after! This is a great victory for the Church in the fastest of the ages. The souls lost in theese years doesn`t matter; only collateral damage in the fight for the property.

  2. Lets pray for all the souls that have had their faith corrupted while being educated in that university.

    There are still the Jesuit Universities to suppress, along with the Jesuit Order. Who continue to cause great harm to the souls under their care.

  3. Rollo111:07 AM

    This is bad news for archbishop Muller.

    It means his honorary doctorate no longer has any religious or theological meaning !

  4. Closing the lid on Pandora's Box11:44 AM

    Okay. Barn door locked. Now let's go find them cows and put out that thar roof fire.

    A Vatican Hazmat clean-up of radioactive contamination in an attempt to mitigate the risks of the source. This is too little and WAY too late.

    Yet another waste dump of toxic material that festered under the watch of a pope they would make a "saint". Bah!

  5. What's the context of that photograph?

  6. Prof. Basto2:15 PM

    Good news! It is good to see the integrity of the Faith and of the Catholic name being actually defended by the Hierarchy.

  7. Prof. Basto2:35 PM

    Published by the same "El Commercio":

    "La PUCP ha convocado una asamblea para el lunes donde se discutirá la postura a adoptar por esta casa de estudios y se discutirá qué acciones tomar respecto al decreto del Vaticano que la despojó de los títulos de “Pontificia” y “Católica”. Así lo informó la presidenta de la Federación de Estudiantes de esa casa de estudios, Sigrid Bazán, en diálogo con RPP.

    “Este es un asunto muy complejo. Este decreto habría que revisarlo bien. Hay que indicar a la opinión pública que hay que hay mucho que decir sobre las consecuencias de esta decisión. Como se sabe, nuestro nombre está inscrito en Registros Públicos. En principio no tendría que pasar nada respecto a los títulos que ha emitido la universidad. Eso depende de las acciones que tome la universidad sobre su nombre, que ha sido legalmente inscrito bajo la ley peruana”, dijo

    Bazán indicó que pese a que “la decisión del Vaticano es irrevocable, la organización interna de la universidad debe respetar la autonomía universitaria”."

  8. Prof. Basto3:23 PM

    Useful Q&A, also from El Commercio:

    "¿Puede una entidad como la Iglesia regir el nombre que usa una universidad peruana? Luego del decreto del Vaticano que prohíbe a la PUCP usar los términos “Pontificia” y “Católica”, parece que sí. Para conocer los fundamentos en los que la Iglesia se basa para hacer esto, consultó al especialista en Derecho Canónico, Gonzalo Flores. Estas fueron sus respuestas.

    ¿Puede la iglesia “quitarle el nombre” a la PUCP?
    En primer lugar algo que hay que tener presente es que la PUCP es una universidad católica. En su origen es una institución canónica, por tanto se regula por el código de derecho canonico. No todas las personas jurídicas canónicas tienen derecho a usar los términos “Católica” o “Pontificia”. Eso lo concede la Iglesia luego de evaluar que en su actuar es totalmente fiel al magisterio de la Iglesia. Es decir que no todas las instituciones que pertenecen a la Iglesia tienen esos títulos y aunque no lo use, pueden seguir siendo parte de la Iglesia.

    ¿Qué significa que a pesar de no poder usar los términos “Pontificia” y “Católica”, la PUCP “sigue sometida a la legislación canónica”?
    La Santa Sede ha evaluado su conducta y, ante la rebeldía de no adecuar sus estatutos, ha decidido que no usen los nombres para no dañar ni confundir a los fieles de la Iglesia porque no la está representando adecuadamente. Eso no significa que esa universidad haya dejado de pertenecer a la Iglesia. Justamente porque le pertenece, tiene que mirar siempre a la Santa Sede como su autoridad máxima. La Iglesia no ha renunciado a la vinculación o propiedad sobre la universidad Católica. No es que la está abandonando a su suerte.

    ¿Puedo yo poner una universidad que use en su nombre los términos “Católica” o “Pontificia”? ¿Por qué la Iglesia debe autorizar su uso?
    Los nombres que pertenecen a instituciones internacionales no pueden ser apropiados por una institución particular. Ninguno de nosotros podría crear una empresa que se llame “República Argentina” e inscribir el nombre de la empresa en Indecopi. Ese es un absurdo en el derecho internacional. Por tanto, al ser la Iglesia Católica una institución internacional sujeta al derecho internacional, sus nombres no pueden ser apropiados en un particular. Por eso la Iglesia autoriza o desautoriza los usos de estos términos."

  9. Julia of Arc3:32 PM

    Very good! I am glad you posted the article and the photo of Cardinal Mueller that received a honorary degree from PUCP when even back then apparently that university was under investigation for its disobedience to the Catholic Truth. Consistency in Faith is essential to please God, when we serve Him. So accepting a honorary degree from PUCP as a high prelate ( while they are under investigation)is like saying: I do not see a problem here! Mueller has been appointed to the Catholic Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith at the Holy See...
    I hope this explains the photo to Timothy!

  10. Peter4:12 PM

    The word "Catholic" needs to be removed from a great many more institutions than this !

  11. Prof. Basto4:13 PM


    La Santa Sede, con Decreto del Emmo. Secretario de Estado, en base a específico mandato Pontificio, ha decidido conforme a la legislación canónica retirar a la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú el derecho a usar en su denominación los títulos de "Pontificia" y de "Católica".

    La mencionada Universidad, fundada en 1917 y erigida canónicamente con Decreto de la Santa Sede en 1942, a partir de 1967 ha modificado unilateralmente sus Estatutos en diversas ocasiones perjudicando gravemente los intereses de la Iglesia.

    A partir de 1990, la Universidad ha sido requerida por la Santa Sede en múltiples ocasiones a adecuar sus Estatutos a la Constitución Apostólica Ex Corde Ecclesiae (15 de agosto de 1990), sin que haya respondido a esta exigencia legal.

    Tras la Visita Canónica realizada en diciembre de 2011 y la entrevista del Rector con el Emmo. Cardenal Secretario de Estado en febrero de 2012, tuvo lugar un ulterior intento de diálogo en vista de adecuar los Estatutos a la ley de la Iglesia.

    Recientemente, mediante dos cartas dirigidas al Emmo. Secretario de Estado, el Rector ha manifestado la imposibilidad de realizar cuanto se le requería, condicionando la modificación de los Estatutos a la renuncia por parte de la Archidiócesis de Lima al control de la gestión de los bienes de la Universidad.

    La participación de la Archidiócesis de Lima en el control de la gestión patrimonial de esta entidad ha sido confirmada en varias ocasiones con sentencias de los Tribunales civiles del Perú.

    Ante esta actitud por parte de la Universidad, confirmada además por otras iniciativas, la Santa Sede se ha visto obligada a adoptar las mencionadas medidas, ratificando en cualquier caso el deber que sigue teniendo dicha Universidad de observar la legislación canónica.

    La Santa Sede seguirá atentamente la evolución de la situación de esta Universidad, deseando que en un futuro próximo las Autoridades académicas competentes reconsideren su posición con el fin de poder revisar las presentes medidas. La renovación requerida por la Santa Sede hará que la Universidad responda con más eficacia al cometido de llevar el mensaje de Cristo al hombre, a la sociedad y a las culturas, según la misión de la Iglesia en el mundo.

  12. Archbishop Mueller becomes a progressively more and more disturbing choice for his current position.

    So to speak.

  13. Am I the only one who finds this story somewhat ironic? What is the influence of a formerly Catholic university in Peru, compared with the prestige of America's great factories of heresy? Notre Dame and Fordham (et al.) publicize more garbage during a weekend conference than all the heretics in Peru in a decade.

  14. You are very mistaken. One Gustavo Gutiérrez was and is more influential than all theologians in Notre Dame for the past 50 years combined. Influential does not mean good, it means influential.

    Even if that was not the case, it would still be a historic decree.


    The history of higher education in the Americas began, of course, in Peru, with the Universidad Mayor de San Marcos, founded by the Church in 1551. The PUCP is already the second great Catholic university to be secularized - this time, not by the Republic and its circumstances, but by the consequences of Vatican II.

  15. NC, it isn't simply a question of theology. The American "catholic" university has become a hydra, a multi-headed monster: Wimmin's studies, Gay Studies, sociology departments, collaboration with amoral scientific research, secular "education" departments, nihilistic literary studies, immoral theatrical productions, open support for Planned Parenthood, promotion of homosexual student clubs, and on and on... Almost all of our larger catholic institutions should be stripped of Catholic affiliation.

  16. You are still mistaken. The influence of a university such as the PUCP over an entire nation still filled with millions and millions of believers is, both proportionately and in the actual number of Catholics influenced by it, much larger than any Catholic university in America.

    This is a groundbreaking moment, and any bishop in America may repeat it if he's willing to follow the lead of Cardinal Cipriani.


  17. So why doesn't the Pope sack the rector and the lot of dissenters and put some Catholics in their place? If he can't find any good Catholics, I can direct him to the FSSP and FSSPX, priests and layity.


  18. OnEaglesWings5:48 PM

    I think the Holy Father is proving the point that not even the head of the CDF, with views no matter what, can undermine Christ's promise to the Church. People and our work can damage it or improve it, but none cannot destroy it.

    This also applies to religious orders, conferences, individual dioceses, any organization, foundation, university, etc.

    The fields of VII are ripe and showing us their fruits. It is again time to gather that which is good for this winter and leave the rotted in the fields so that it fertilize the soil for next spring.

  19. P.K.T.P.6:10 PM

    I very much like Dr. Williams and his past comments on this blog. This time, however, I must agree with another. How Americans think that everything revolves them. It never has and it never will. Theires is a nation advanced in followership. When it comes to liberation communology, the Latin Americans lead the way. When it comes to Modernism, the French and Germans lead the way. When it comes also to traditionalism, the French lead the way.

    On this decision, most bloggers here are dead right: it took Rome over twenty years to do this. At that rate, the Church wiil be extinct before the Vatican can lift a finger to defend her. These negotiations with the S.S.P.X are like watching grass grow. It takes them months just to acknowledge receipt of a letter.

    Remember the negotiations with the TAC (before Rome essentially betrayed it)? The TAC asked for corporate reunion. Two years later, Rome sent them an official letter in the summer (through the papal nuncio in Australia). The letter said, "We've received your letter". Hilarious.

    But liberals are not slow. I takes them only minutes to hatch each outrage and each rebellion.


  20. FidusEtAudax8:16 PM

    Dear Jesuits, enjoy your fun while you can, your order will soon die off due to no young men foolish enough to join. Deo Gratias.

  21. Alsaticus8:44 PM

    I agree with P.K.T.P. that removing the Catholic label from such a major university as former PUCP is an extremely important step forward.

    But it left unanswered if Bp Mueller - not a cardinal yet - is really the right man in the right place at CDF. We can expect that he will resign his "honorary" doctorate from a heretical ex-Catholic ex-Pontifical university.
    At least it is what a normal CDF prefect would do.

    There are plenty of these so-called "Pontifical" and so-called "Catholic" universities to be be adjusted.


  22. Ooo, "Catherine of Siena", we are so scared! Rage allied to error is the worst combination, too bad you trust such an irascible and disturbed person.

    What next?


  23. Brian2:29 AM

    Comparisons of relative damage are difficult to assess. There can be no doubt, however, that institutions like Notre Dame and Fordham have contributed greatly to the decline of Catholic theology and morals.

    This decline, in turn, has contributed greatly to Catholics voting for politicians who favor the legalized murder of millions of innocent babies in the U.S. alone - which would end almost immediately if Catholics were not voting for those who support legalized murder.

    Whether that evil is as great and as influential as what is being perpetrated in Peru, I cannot say, but there can be no mistake that the evil is grave indeed.

  24. Angelo11:00 AM

    Will Archbishop Muller still go once a year to take classes from the founder of Liberation Theology at the University? Archbishop Muller needs to heed the advice he gave to the SSPX Bishops himself. That is to step down and be a humble priest.

  25. rodrigo1:28 PM

    The university council meets tomorrow to consider the Vatican notification. The rector ended his letter addressing the subject on a defiant note: "Somos PUCP, seámoslo siempre".

    It seems to me that an impasse might be avoided were alternative meanings for the two disputed initials to be found. My favorite suggestion is that which has already done the rounds among those amused by the news: "Primera Universidad Comunista del Perú". I'm sure there are plenty of other possibilities.

  26. Alsaticus said, "At least it is what a normal CDF prefect would do."

    What's a normal CDF prefect, and how does one know what he would or wouldn't do?

    Dr. Timothy J. Williams said, "Almost all of our larger catholic institutions should be stripped of Catholic affiliation."

    Yes, unfortunately, the UCCB lobby is a big bell-ringer at the Vatican.

  27. GQ Rep7:53 PM

    Back from Sri Lanka yesterday and I gotta tell you that their Cardinal is a real Catholic. Which is a nice surprise. Many devout priests....unfortunatly also many older/aged priests who are not fond of the direction he is leading. They are the dying breed of Vatican II, and many Jesuit educated.

    As for this University, everyone knew this was coming. Enrollment will probably suffer and support will tank.

    It's also a huge embarassment for Muller, the new CDF Prefect. Complete with his photo.
    He's in for a rough time. Already, I don't think he will be taken seriously, nor will last long in office.

    Who orchestrated his appointment....Bertone?

  28. Alsaticus10:56 PM

    22 July, 2012 13:28
    Anonymous Matt said...

    Alsaticus said, "At least it is what a normal CDF prefect would do."

    What's a normal CDF prefect, and how does one know what he would or wouldn't do?

    dear Matt, maybe you are not Catholic and have no idea of what "CDF" means ? If so, I can understand your odd question.

    Let's go to the basics and give you elementary informations so you can see what I meant by a "normal" CDF prefect.
    The Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith (CDF) is the dicastery in charge of watching on Catholic doctrine and Catholic theologians worldwide. So a "normal" member, moreover the prefect (!), can have no part with a heretical institution as ex-PUCP.

    Which is different from receiving a distinction of a purely secular Academic institution ; a "normal" prefect of CDF is supposed to set example of "orthodoxy".

    If not what kind of behaviour would be "normal" in your view ? Endorsing Hans Küng and rehabilitating Martin Luther ?



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